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Folio 164

Item is folio 164, the recto titled "The tra[n]slacyon of Saynt Thomas of Ca[n]terbury" (The translation [or movement of the relics] of Saint Thomas of Canterbury), and the verso titled "The lyfe of Saynt Kenelme kynge & martyr" (The life of Saint Kenelm, king & martyr). The leaf is expurgated, with the title of the recto crossed out and the two columns of text on recto obscured with large x's.

Saint Thomas Becket was a 12th century Archbishop of Canterbury who was murdered after a dispute with King Henry II of England over the rights of the Church. He was canonized and his shrine at Canterbury was a major pilgrimage site until its suppression by Henry VIII. Saint Kenelm was a legendary murdered boy king of Mercia.

Folio 165

Item is folio 165, titled "The lyfe of Saynt Kenelme kynge & martyr" (The life of Saint Kenelm, king & martyr), although the verso also includes the introduction to The lyfe of Saynt Margarete (The life of Saint Margaret). The text is expurgated, with the word "pope" crossed out 5 times on the verso. Saint Kenelm was a legendary murdered boy king of Mercia, and Saint Margaret the Virgin was a legendary martyr.

Folio 104

Item is folio 104, the recto titled "The lyfe of Saynt Cuthberd" (The life of Saint Cuthbert), and the verso titled "The annunciation of our lady." The verso features a small woodcut illustration of the Angel Gabriel greeting Mary at the Annunciation, which appears to have been deliberately obscured with ink, now faded. Saint Cuthbert was a 7th century Anglo-Saxon bishop and hermit from Northumbria.

Folio 127

Item is folio 127, titled "The lyfe of Saynt Austyn" (The life of Saint Austin), although the recto also contains the end of "The lyfe of Saynt Dunston" (The life of Saint Dunstan). The leaf has been expurgated, with the word "pope" crossed out six times on the recto, and once on the verso.

Saint Austin, more commonly called Saint Augustine of Canterbury, is considered a founder of the English Church due to his missionary work in England in the 6th century, and was also the first Archbishop of Canterbury.

Folio 125

Item is folio 125, the recto titled "The lyfe of Saynt Dunston" (The life of Saint Dunstan), the verso titled "The lyfe of Saint Aldelme" (The life of Saint Aldhelm) and featuring a woodcut illustration of Aldhelm in bishop's robes with a mitre, crozier, and book. The woodcut appears to have been deliberately obscured with ink, now faded, and the text has been expurgated with the word "pope" crossed out 4 times on the verso.

Saint Dunstan was a 10th century English bishop, and Saint Aldhelm a 7th century Anglo-Saxon bishop and scholar.

The Great Bible leaf

Item is a leaf (folio XII) from the fifth edition of The Great Bible, published in London by Edward Whitchurch (Whytchurch), containing part of the Book of Psalms. The Great Bible was the first official edition of the Bible in English, and was authorized by Henry VIII during the English Reformation to be read aloud during church services.

Kreuterbuch leaf

Item is a leaf (folio 386) from the first illustrated edition of Hieronymus Bock's New Kreuterbuch von Underscheidt, Würckung und Namen der Kreuter, so in teutschen Landen wachsen (New plant book of differences, effects, and names of plants that grow in German lands), a herbal (a book describing the properties and uses of plants) printed in Strasbourg by Wendel Riehel. The leaf features a woodblock illustration designed by David Kandel of an apple tree with a serpent and Adam's skull and leg bone, referencing the Book of Genesis.

The Kreuterbuch is notable because Bock chose to classify the 700 plants he covered according to their observed characteristics, an innovation that anticipated modern botany, whereas earlier herbals had categorized plants according to Classical Greek systems.

Shahnameh leaf

Item is a leaf from the Shahnameh (The Book of Kings), the national epic of Greater Iran which was written by the Persian poet Hakīm Abul-Qāsim Firdawsī Tūsī (Ferdowsi) in the early 11th century.

Spanish antiphonal leaf

Item is a large illuminated leaf from a Spanish antiphonal featuring Gregorian chant musical notation and containing sections of the Book of Wisdom 5:5 and the Book of Acts 4:33. An antiphonal, or antiphonary, is a choir book that contains chants for the canonical hours of the Divine Office.

A partial transcription of the leaf reads: Beginning with the illuminated letter E of "Ecce quomodo..." : "Behold how they are numbered among the children of God, and their lot is among the saints..."
Beginning with the illuminated letter L of "Lux perpetua..." : "Let perpetual light shine upon them Lord, for eternity, alleluia, alleluia..."
Beginning with the illuminated letter V of "Virtute magna..." :"With great power did the apostles give testimony of the resurrection."

French processional gradual leaf

Item is a leaf from a processional gradual, a choir book containing the music used in processions during the Mass. The bookseller's description notes that "the opening leaf of the parent manuscript states this was a 'Gradual for the Carthusian Order'... from the Royal Workshop of Henri II" in Paris. The text of this leaf is for use on Holy Saturday, and is decorated with two large illuminated initials featuring flowers and a strawberry on liquid gold grounds, as well as three smaller initials and three paraphs.

The illuminated C begins part of Exodus 15:1-2: "Cantemus domino...": "Let us sing to the Lord: For he is gloriously magnified: The horse and the rider He has thrown into the sea: My helper and protector. He has brought salvation to me. He is my God, and I will glorify him: The God of my father, and I will exalt him. The Lord has destroyed war: Almighty is His name..."
Beginning with the illuminated letter V: "Vinea...": " My beloved has a vineyard on a very fruitful hill. And he enclosed it with a fence and made a ditch around it, and planted it with the choicest vine..."

A gradual contains the music for the proper of the Mass, the part of the liturgy that varies according to the date (as opposed to the ordinary of the Mass, which is relatively constant). For example, chants for the proper (such as introits, graduals, tracts, alleluia, offertory and communion verses) would vary depending on which holiday or saint's feast day was being celebrated.

The Woorkes of Geffrey Chaucer leaf

Item is a leaf (folio 3) from "The Knightes Tale" from The Woorkes of Geffrey Chaucer, Newly Printed, edited by John Stowe and printed in London by John Kyngston for John Wight.

The Chronicles of England leaf

Item is a leaf from The Firste Volume of the Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande by Raphael Holinshed, a comprehensive history of Britain which was printed in London by Henry Bynnemann for John Harrison. The leaf (pages 187-188) describes the reign of Ine (or Inas) of Wessex, "King of the Saxons," and features two woodcut illustrations, one depicting the king and the other the construction of the monastery of Glastonbury, which he commissioned.

Shakespeare used Holinshed's Chronicles as the source for more than a third of his plays, including Macbeth, King Lear, and Richard III.

A Booke of Christian Prayers leaf

Item is a leaf from A Booke of Christian Prayers (commonly known as Queen Elizabeth's Prayer Book as it was reputedly designed for her private use), a collection of private devotions and prayers published by in London by Richard Day. The leaf (folio 115) contains part of a prayer and is illustrated with woodcut borders of memento mori (including gravediggers' shovels, skeletons, the aged and infirm, and bodies in tombs) and the Dance of Death.


Series consists of English and French charters, legal records that documented the transfer of property or rights from one person or group to another. Charters include marriage settlements/contracts, property leases/declarations of sale, a will, a deed, an obligation, and a papal bull.

A petition of the gentry, ministers, and freeholders of the County of Flint, presented to His Majesty at York, August the fourth, 1642 : with His Majesties most gracious answer thereunto ; also His Majesties speech to the gentlemen of York, on Thursday the fourth of August.

Item is a pamphlet from the beginning of the English Civil War expressing the loyalty of the County of Flint (the former county of Flintshire in northeast Wales) to King Charles I in his dispute with Parliament. Item was printed by A. Norton.

Transcription of Epictetus' works by Ellis Walker

Item is a manuscript copy of Epicteti Enchiridion, a collection of works of the Greek Stoic philosopher Epictetus by Ellis Walker that was first published in 1692. An inscription at the beginning of the manuscript indicates that Ellis gifted his transcription to his uncle Samuel Walker of York in gratitude for offering him shelter when he fled "the troubles in Ireland."

Parsons family records

File contains records pertaining to the affairs of the Parsons Family, who likely resided in Southern England. File contains wills and testaments, a family registry, and a drawing of the heraldic crest of the Clapcott family, who were related to the Parsons through marriage.

The natural history of birds

Item is volume four from the nine volume set: The natural history of birds (Histoire naturelle des oiseaux). This set was part of a larger collection Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière, avec la description du Cabinet du Roi, which contained 36 volumes in total covering a range of subjects including: material science, physics, chemistry and technology, as well as the natural history of animals. Item was printed by A. Strahan and T. Cadell.

Sorrows. - 1796

Item is a manuscript transcription of a book of sonnets titled "Sorrows Sacred to the Memory of Penelope" by Sir Brooke Boothby, which he wrote in memory of his young daughter Penelope who died in 1791. The original publication was published in London in 1796 by W. Bulmer and co. and sold by Cadell & Davies. Contains an 'in memoriam' inscription dedicated to George Augustus Selwyn, the first Anglican Bishop of New Zealand.

Tefillin scroll

Item is a tefillin scroll containing an excerpt from the Torah. Tefillin (or phylacteries) are sets of two small black leather boxes, each containing a set of four scrolls of verses from the Torah, which are worn by observant adult Jews during weekday morning prayers as a remembrance of God's delivery of the Israelites out of Egypt.

Eliza Powell letter

Item is a letter from Eliza Powell to her brother John Cottrell, a chancery clerk residing at Lincoln's Inn, London. The letter thanks Cottrell for gifts of a gown and 32 pounds, discusses mutual acquaintances, and requests several sundry purchases.

Commerce printing plate

Item is a printing plate depicting symbols of commerce (a seated allegorical figure holding a caduceus, sailing ships, a sextant, and bales of goods) produced by Hughes & Kimber, London. The plate is accompanied by a paper wrapper featuring a printed image of the plate, stamped "19," and with the annotation "New - May 15/14 - GEs."

The boke of the introduction of knowledge

Item is a reprint of a 16th century book examining a wide variety of topics including medicine, diet, daily living, manner and customs, and geography. Item was reprinted by R. and A. Taylor.

Agriculture printing plate

Item is an agriculture-themed printing plate (depicting a farmhouse, windmill, cow, wheat sheaf, and seated woman holding a child) produced by Hughes & Kimber, London. Item is accompanied by a paper wrapper with a print of the plate, stamped with the numbers 87 and G29.

Manuscript sermons by the late Rev : George Lawrence, AM

Item is a book of sermons written by Reverend George Lawrence, Anglican curate of Saint Clement Danes in London for fourteen years, and lecturer at the United Parishes of All-Hallows-the-Great and All-Hallows-the-Less for thirty-four years. Saint Clement Danes is currently the central church of the Royal Air Force, while All-Hallows-the-Great and the Less have been demolished.

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